The Cornea Section is comprised of ophthalmologists who specialize in the evaluation and management of various conditions including:
• Refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism)
• Dry eyes and tear disorders
• Conjunctivitis (infectious and allergic)
• Ectasias (i.e. keratoconus)
• Benign and malignant tumors
• Traumatic scars
• Chemical burns
How Corneal Eye can be Diagonsed?
An eye doctor will review the person's medical history and perform a careful examination of the eyes and eyelids. The cornea is examined in detail using a slit lamp microscope. Additional testing may include topography and keratometry (to study the shape of the cornea), pachymetry (to measure the thickness of the cornea), specialized microscopy, assessment of the tear film, and blood tests.
How Corneal Infections can be prevented?
As contact lens related infections are the most common, simple measures when wearing contact lenses can help reduce the risk of infections. These include:
• Improving contact lens hygiene
• Reducing contact lens wear time
• Avoiding high risk activities
• Changing the type of contact lens used
However, any form of contact lens wear still carries the risk of corneal infection. Avoiding contact lens wear completely in patients who have predisposing diseases of the cornea or surface of the eye may be necessary.
Corneal infections after eye trauma can also be prevented in work site-related injuries with the appropriate use of safety googles
How are Corneal Infections treated?
Corneal infections are usually treated with anti-infective eyedrops and eye ointment. In the case of bacterial infections, antibiotic eyedrops are usually prescribed. In most cases, patients with severe corneal infections are admitted into hospital and samples from the infection are taken to identify the likely organism before the start of the treatment. Treatment with intensive eye drops is administered and adjusted until the infection improves.